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We bring European and national policy-makers, practitioners and academics together to explore and discuss current topics related to EU policies and public management.

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The Trio Presidency – 3 countries hand in hand

Event date: 30 September 2021 13:00 CET
Location: Webex

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Upcoming events

The Trio Presidency – 3 countries hand in hand

Event date: 30 September 2021 13:00 CET
Location: Webex

Register now

Join us for our unique off-the-record discussions with leading negotiators from EU and national public administrations and the private sector as we look back on the last 14 years of Trio rotations and the influences and impacts thereof going forward with the next Presidency cycle. This round-table is part of the series on Negotiation & Influence.

What will the round-table cover?

  • Discover how the Trio groupings have influenced the continuity of the Council’s work and the EU decision-making process.
  • Find out how the Member State experience of the Presidency has changed with the Trio groupings.
  • Evaluate how the Trio programme changed the way we work/influence/negotiate in Brussels as well as engage with the Council.
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Background information

The Presidency of the Council of the European Union has always been shared amongst the EU Member States in six-month terms. However, as the Council’s work grew, so too did the responsibility of the role of the Presidency.

Ensuring continuity of work and efficient use of resources were the two main reasons why it was suggested to group Member States together in what is now known as the Trio system. This system encourages three successive Member States to work closely together for the duration of each of their presidencies. Each State shall hold the Presidency for a period of six months. The Member State holding the Presidency shall abide by the 18-month joint programme of work of the Trio while also drafting their own national six-month programme.

The first-ever Trio of Germany, Portugal and Slovenia, who last held their Presidency role from 2007-2008, have just completed their second lap, marking the first full rotation of the 16 Trio groupings. Join us as we reflect on the experience of the last 14 years of the Trio rotations. As the cycle begins again, we ask those involved at the epicentre of the Presidency, Representatives from Academia, the Council Secretariat and Member States what have we learned so far and how the Trio programme has impacted the EU Decision Making Process.

Speakers

EIPA moderators

Paul Culley

EU Policy Advisor

Paul Culley is a Brussels-based tutor, trainer and policy advisor on EU affairs. He works mainly with university students, EU officials and diplomats, and Presidencies of the Council. Previously, he was a director in the EU Council Secretariat where he held seven posts, over time, covering a wide range of Council activities. His last post was in the Cabinet of the Secretary General where he served three Secretaries General. More curious than ever. Always learning from others.

Jure Vršnak

Deputy Director-General European Affairs, Slovenian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Jure Vršnak is Deputy Director-General for European Affairs at the Slovenian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Jure Vršnak, an experienced diplomat, was a Mertens Counsellor during the first Slovenian Presidency. Under the current Slovenian Presidency is responsible for the coordination and communication between the trio Presidency Member States. Also, he trained Slovenian diplomats in preparation for the 2021 rotating Presidency. Equally important, he was the lead negotiator on the Multiannual Financial Framework at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Frank Lavadoux

Frank Lavadoux

EU Governance

Frank Lavadoux (FR) is Senior Lecturer at EIPA, specialising in the psychological, behavioural and intercultural dimensions, as well as communication, in processes of European and international negotiations. He is responsible for training activities designed for national, European and international officials. He also provides professional support and advice for various national ministries and European institutions.

He holds qualifications in marketing, international trade and financial engineering from the University of Paris XII and the Training Centre of the Banking Profession in Paris. He is also certified in the use of tools such as MBTI (Myers-Briggs Type Indicator) and the Lewis model. Before joining EIPA, he directed a consultancy bureau specialised in human resources, intercultural management and international negotiations. He has written papers on the strategic tools for international negotiators, and on the challenges posed for national administrations by the Presidency of the Council of the EU.

Philippe van Gruisen

Political Economist

Philippe van Gruisen is a Political Economist who specializes in EU decision-making. He holds a PhD in Applied Economics from the KU Leuven and was a visiting scholar at the Europe Center of Stanford University. Currently, he is an Assistant Professor at the Economics Department of Leiden University. At Leiden, he coordinates the interdisciplinary bachelor programme in Economics and Public Administration.

Olivia Brown

Research Assistant

Olivia Brown is a Research Assistant at the European Institute of Public Administration, Maastricht. Her fields of research include communication and behavioral techniques applied to European and international negotiations, EU governance and EU institutions. She has been assisting with various large-scale projects on behalf of the European Commission, European Parliament and member state governments. In addition, she has supported the digital transition to online content and facilitated numerous contract courses for the European Commission, European Parliament, EUROPOL, European External Action Service and EU-Lisa, while also conducting research into online learning strategies.

Olivia has a BA hons in European Studies and German from University College Cork, writing her thesis on populist theory and a MA in European Public Affairs from Maastricht University, where she specialized in EU Employment and Social Affairs and EU Health Policy.

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Previous talks

Deployment of Trustworthy Artificial Intelligence

Event date: 29 April 2021 15:30 CET
Location: Webex

What will the round-table cover?

  • Introduction of the Panel Topic and Tour de Table.
  • Challenges related to the risk-based approach to ensure that the regulatory intervention is proportionate.
  • Measurements and correction of biases during the training and operation of AI technologies.
  • Incompatibility between human rights and specific uses of the AI technology
  • Recommendations to mitigate risks related to the impact of artificial intelligence uptake on fundamental rights and diversity.

Background information

The development and deployment of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies is already a reality, impacting both the public and private sectors. While AI technologies’ potential benefits can be massive for growth and development, ‘there is no such thing as a technological silver bullet’. With the creation and use of robotics and AI come risks related to their reliability and impact on fundamental rights and diversity.

One of the overarching aims of the European approach is to develop trusted AI technologies based on truly European ethical and societal values.

In anticipation of the AI framework to be issued by the European Commission this month, this panel will focus on horizontal domains of interest, namely data protection, fundamental rights, and diversity.

How do we address questions of discrimination, diversity, and human-centredness?

How can we ensure that personal data are collected and used with positive benefits by AI technologies?

We selected speakers at the forefront of data protection and human rights, with experience not only in policy but also enforcement, as well as from the private sector, to discuss these issues from the different stakeholders’/actors’ perspective.

Speakers

EIPA moderators

Gabriela Zanfir-Fortuna

Senior Counsel for Global Privacy at the Future of Privacy Forum

Gabriela Zanfir-Fortuna is Senior Counsel for Global Privacy at the Future of Privacy Forum, a think-tank based in Washington DC. She is leading the work of FPF on understanding and furthering debate related to global developments in privacy and data protection law, with an impact on the rights of individuals and different technologies and digital services.

Previously she worked for the European Data Protection Supervisor in Brussels as a legal and policy officer, advising on the legislative process of the GDPR, the EU-US Privacy Shield and the EU-US Umbrella Agreement. She holds a PhD in Law with a thesis on the rights of the data subject in EU data protection law and an LLM in Human Rights.

Xabier Lareo

Technology and Security Officer at the EDPS

Xabier is a Technology and Security Officer at the Technology & Privacy unit of the EDPS (European Data Protection Supervisor) since 2017 and a member of the internal AI Task Force. He provides advice on technology developments impacting privacy and data protection, contributes to policy papers, and takes part in EDPS supervision activities. Xabier focuses on biometric data processing, artificial intelligence, anonymisation and online tracking and profiling. He graduated as a Computer Engineer and started his professional career in software development. From 2007 to 2017, he worked as Data Inspector at the Spanish Data Protection Authority.
Clara Cotroneo

Clara Cotroneo

EU Internal and External Security / EU Public Sector Management

EU Internal and External Security (including human trafficking and cybersecurity); EU Diplomacy; Digitalization; EU Public Sector Innovation and Performance

Clara Cotroneo (IT) joined EIPA Maastricht in 2019. She is a lecturer at EIPA Maastricht and at the European Centre for Judges and Lawyers – EIPA’s Centre in Luxembourg. In addition, Clara also coordinates the European Public Sector Award (EPSA). She has extensive experience in developing training activities in face-to-face, online and blended learning formats. Her teaching, research and consulting areas of expertise cover topics related to the area of Freedom, Security and Justice, including security, digitalization – and the intersection between the two, cross-border crime (including human trafficking and cybersecurity), judicial and police cooperation, migration and fundamental rights.

Before joining EIPA, Clara was Director of Programs at Vesalius College of Global Affairs (Free University of Brussels), had previously taught at the University of Bangor (Wales) and was a volunteer at the UN International Labour Organization (ILO). She is a certified cybersecurity analyst and is currently a PhD Researcher at Leiden University’s Institute of Security and Global Affairs. She also holds an Mphil in Psychology, a MA in Linguistics and a Postgraduate Certificate in Teaching in Higher Education. Clara is an Associate Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (HEA) in the UK.

Elin Oerg Martenzon

CEO of Tengai Unbiased

Elin Oerg Martenzon is CEO of Tengai Unbiased, a Stockholm based HR-Tech startup that developed AI-powered interview automation software for recruitment. Elin is an active keynote speaker; recent speaking engagements include Recruitment Tech in Amsterdam, Unleash in Paris, SIME in Stockholm, TaTech North America, and TaTech Lisbon, to mention a few.

David Reichel

Project Manager, Research and Data Unit at the FRA

David Reichel is a Project Manager of Social Research at the Research and Data Unit at the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA). His areas of expertise include statistical data analysis, data quality and statistical data visualisation. He has extensive experience in working with data and statistics in an international context. Prior to joining FRA in 2014, he worked for the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) research department and as a lecturer at the Institute for Sociology and the Institute for International Development at the University of Vienna. He holds a PhD in Sociology. He has published numerous articles, working papers and book chapters on issues related to migration and integration, migration statistics, citizenship and irregular migration.
Florina Pop

Florina Pop

Data Protection

Data Protection and Privacy Law; International Contract Law; Corporate Law; Intellectual Property Law

Florina Pop (RO) joined EIPA Maastricht in 2021 as a Data Protection Expert. Florina, originally a lawyer, specialises in data protection: implementation of privacy policies and GDPR measures, as well as conducting training on the topic. She also has extensive experience in providing legal support and consulting for international commercial and technology matters. A keen interest in Corporate Social Responsibility and Humanitarian Aid is present in Florina’s work.

Before joining EIPA, Florina was a Legal Officer at the European Commission for DG ECHO (European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations), and a European Legal Teamleader and Data Protection Adviser at Advantech.

Florina holds a Master’s degree in European Law from the Radboud University of Nijmegen in addition to a Master’s degree in Business Law from the University of Bucharest.

CAF as a tool to promote resilient public administrations in the post-pandemic era

Event date: 6 May 2021 13:00 CET
Location: Webex

What will the round-table cover?

  • The past, present, and future of the EU CAF Resource Centre hosted by EIPA.
  • The role of the Presidencies in the design and implementation of the CAF tool.
  • The importance of research and analysis of best practices, lessons learned and methods of implementation.
  • The strategy for improvement of the CAF tool and its implementation.

Background information

The European CAF Resource centre has supported the development of the CAF network and CAF users’ practices for 20 years. It assists the different Presidencies of the EU in their works for the promotion and analysis of CAF. Proven improvements in the pubic administrations reinforce the ambition of the EU CAF Resource centre to spread the word and to follow up the results of the self-assessment exercises, helping the public sector plan and integrate the strategy of continuous appraisal into the DNA of the organisations. The pandemic brings up new challenges to our CAF Resource centre, and the interviewees will help us design our path for the future.

Speakers

EIPA moderators

Nick Thijs

Senior Policy Adviser at the OECD/SIGMA

Nick Thijs is a Senior Policy Adviser on public administration reform and service delivery at the OECD / SIGMA. He has 20 years of experience as an expert on public administration (reform), capacity building and organisational development as an academic, civil servant, consultant, and trainer.

He started his professional career at the Public Governance Institute (K.U.Leuven - Belgium), where he was responsible for research and training projects related to quality management, organisational development and service delivery in the public sector. For three years, he coordinated –on behalf of the Belgian Ministry of Public Administration and the National School of Public Administration- the Public Management Programme, an in-depth training programme for high-potential civil servants. From 2007 onwards, he worked as a senior lecturer at the European Institute of Public Administration (EIPA – Maastricht, The Netherlands) as a member of the European CAF Resource Centre. For over ten years, he represented EIPA in the EUPAN and other international professional networks. Since 2016 he supported the European Commission as project leader for the EUPACK (European Public Administration Country Knowledge) project, a large-scale comparative public administration project covering all EU countries related to public administration characteristics and reforms.

Nick holds a MA degree in Political Science and Public Administration (K.U.Leuven – Belgium) and is fluent in English, Dutch and French.

Barbara Zupanc

Head of Quality Unit at the Slovenian Ministry of Public Administration

Barbara Zupanc, a political scientist by education, is well acquainted with the functioning of the public sector in Slovenia. Over the past 30 years, she has held various positions in different public sector organizations, from the local communities to the public institution and several ministries. She was able to follow its development and transition from the classical socialist public administration of the former Yugoslavia to its transformation into a modern, digitalized and customer-oriented public administration of one of the EU member states. Since 2017, she has been employed at the Ministry of Public Administration and is in charge of introducing quality management systems in public sector organizations in Slovenia. Introducing and implementing CAF is one of the projects she manages.

Gracia Vara Arribas

Regions and cities in the EU, Impact Assessment and Evaluation, Strategic Public Procurement

Gracia Vara Arribas (ES) is a lawyer, working as an expert project leader and consultant at the European Institute of Public Administration (EIPA). Her fields of specialisation cover multilevel governance, better regulation (subsidiarity and EU added value) and the evaluation of public policies and projects, with a special focus on strategic public procurement law and practice. She works as a consultant for the European institutions (Commission, Committee of the Regions, the European Parliament, the European Court of Auditors) and regional and local governments.

Under her leadership, several impact assessments and evaluation studies have been carried out on EU laws at a regional level as commissioned by the EU Presidencies (UK 2006 and SE 2009) and for different Member States (SE, UK, FR, NL, DE) and NO. In 2009, she was commissioned by the Dutch Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations to evaluate the impact of the Lisbon Treaty on the Dutch Provinces and Municipalities. In 2013, the European Committee of the Regions contracted her to draft a report on the role of regional parliaments in the process of subsidiarity analysis, and in 2016 the European Parliament asked her to write the report on ‘The Cost of Non-Europe in the Sharing Economy’. In 2017, she helped the Barcelona City Council to produce the guide to Public Procurement for Innovation and also supported the launch of the Innovation Lab in the city. Drawing on her years of work at EIPA and real-life cases of consultancy projects, she has subsequently produced several publications in these fields and delivered training courses for the European institutions and central and city governments.

Cristina Evaristo

Senior Official at the Portuguese CAF Resource Centre

Cristina Evaristo is a Senior Official at the Portuguese CAF Resource Centre located at the Portuguese Directorate General for Administration and Public Employment. Cristina has been a CAF National Correspondent since 2004 and has profound experience on the promotion, implementation, and training on the CAF model.

Cristina Evaristo holds a Master's degree in Management and Public Administration from the University of Aveiro in Portugal.

Fabrizio Rossi

Fabrizio Rossi

CAF Desk Officer

Fabrizio has joined EIPA in October 2017, he is responsible for the daily activities of the Common Assessment Framework, as well as seminars and training courses organized by the institute. He has also been involved in organizing meetings with EU member states representatives, and in coordinating developments and revisions of the new version of CAF – the CAF 2020. As well as CAF, Fabrizio is involved in the coordination of the Data Protection seminars and certification courses that take place several times a year at EIPA’s headquarters in Maastricht. Furthermore, he has been a speaker in various events in Italy on the CV-Europass and the European Personnel Selection Office.

Fabrizio holds a diploma in Social Sciences, a Bachelor’s Degree in International Relations from Oxford Brookes University and has also studied as a postgraduate student at the University of Maastricht.

The gender gap in the 27 EU Member States and policy measures for reducing it

Event date: 27 May 2021 13:00 CET
Location: Webex

What will the round-table cover?

  • International and European law on gender discrimination.
  • Facts and figures regarding the gender gap in the EU 27.
  • Policy measures and funds to reduce an existing gap (EU Cohesion Policy, Recovery and Resilience Facility, JTS etc.).
  • Gender gap in audit of EU funded programmes and projects.

Background information

Non-discrimination, gender equality and equal opportunities are fundamental values in the EU. This core objective is present in all EU policies; however, the gender gap still exists.

The European Commission has recently stepped-up efforts towards reaching full gender equality in its new Gender Equality Strategy (2020-2025), which sets clear commitments and objectives relevant to the EU’s public sector and administration. The recent COVID-19 pandemic has exposed weaknesses in the distribution of opportunities and power between men and women in Europe.

This ‘EIPA in conversation with’ offers not only an opportunity to reflect on the obligations that different stakeholders have towards women’s inclusion in the public sector and the benefits of it for diversity, good governance, and innovation in Europe, but also on existing measures in EU policies and funds to achieve this objective.

Our speakers will give punctual and critical views of different challenges and some recommendations on how to tackle them.

Speakers

EIPA moderator

Radoslav Nedyalkov

Chief Auditor at the Bulgarian Audit Authority

Radoslav Nedyalkov is Chief Auditor at the Bulgarian Audit Authority (Audit of European Union Funds Executive Agency) with 17 years of experience in the field of audit of EU programmes and evaluation, monitoring, and control of projects financed by EU and other donors. Radoslav is also an Expert for the Technical Assistance and Information Exchange Instrument of the European Commission (TAIEX) and regularly speaks at workshops organised by EIPA and other institutions.
Previously she worked for the European Data Protection Supervisor in Brussels as a legal and policy officer, advising on the legislative process of the GDPR, the EU-US Privacy Shield and the EU-US Umbrella Agreement. She holds a PhD in Law with a thesis on the rights of the data subject in EU data protection law and an LLM in Human Rights.

Anett Mádi-Nátor

Vice-President of Cyber Services Plc and President of Women4Cyber Foundation

Anett Mádi-Nátor is Vice-President of Strategic Business Development at Cyber Services Plc and President of the Women4Cyber initiative launched by the European Cyber Security Organisation and the European Commission. Anett is an expert on the role of women in cybersecurity and how women bring a different set of skills to the cybersecurity field. She has more than a decade of experience in strategic and administrative layers of information security and cyber defence both as a private sector subject matter expert and as a government representative.
Clara Cotroneo

Clara Cotroneo

EU Internal and External Security / EU Public Sector Management

EU Internal and External Security (including human trafficking and cybersecurity); EU Diplomacy; Digitalization; EU Public Sector Innovation and Performance

Clara Cotroneo (IT) joined EIPA Maastricht in 2019. She is a lecturer at EIPA Maastricht and at the European Centre for Judges and Lawyers – EIPA’s Centre in Luxembourg. In addition, Clara also coordinates the European Public Sector Award (EPSA). She has extensive experience in developing training activities in face-to-face, online and blended learning formats. Her teaching, research and consulting areas of expertise cover topics related to the area of Freedom, Security and Justice, including security, digitalization – and the intersection between the two, cross-border crime (including human trafficking and cybersecurity), judicial and police cooperation, migration and fundamental rights.

Before joining EIPA, Clara was Director of Programs at Vesalius College of Global Affairs (Free University of Brussels), had previously taught at the University of Bangor (Wales) and was a volunteer at the UN International Labour Organization (ILO). She is a certified cybersecurity analyst and is currently a PhD Researcher at Leiden University’s Institute of Security and Global Affairs. She also holds an Mphil in Psychology, a MA in Linguistics and a Postgraduate Certificate in Teaching in Higher Education. Clara is an Associate Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (HEA) in the UK.

How to successfully influence EU negotiations?

Event date: 29 June 2021 13:00 CET
Location: Webex

Join us for our unique off-the-record discussions with leading negotiators from EU and national public administrations and the private sector.

What will the round-table cover?

All the things you would like to know but you would never dare to ask…

  • What are the essential skills to influence the decision-making process successfully?
  • Which issues need to be considered when engaging in EU negotiations?
  • How do the Permanent Representatives exert their national interests diplomatically in the Brussels Bubble? 
  • What tips do private executives have for securing influence in Brussels?   
  • How are third countries received in Brussels? 

Background information

This round-table initiates a series on Negotiation & Influence. The events aim to provide participants with a toolbox to influence EU decision-making through instruments, strategies, and actions based on our panellists’ expertise and experience. Participants will become equipped to maximise their influence in Brussels, be this within the Council, European Commission, European Parliament, or the wider Brussels environment.

This series is also relevant to those trying to influence EU decision-making from the private sector and those outside the EU by offering tools for extending influence to Brussels and advice on transforming reach into actual policy changes.

Speakers

EIPA moderator

David Coleman

Vice President of Public Affairs Europe, Mars

David Coleman joined Mars in July 2015 as Vice President of Public Affairs Europe. As a member of the Mars Public Affairs Leadership Team, he leads the Brussels-based Government Relations Service Center Team. In this capacity, he leads, directs and supports Mars' approach to the EU Institutions, generally and specifically on issues relevant to one or more of the business segments of Mars (e.g. Pet Care, Confectionary, Food). Mr Coleman has 20 years of experience representing business at an EU level, 15 years of which have been for industry-leading food and foodservice companies. His areas of expertise range from -among others - consumer information systems to sustainability issues, led by a desire to create mutual outcomes with stakeholders through corporate diplomacy.

David Coleman holds a degree in Law and a Postgraduate Masters degree in EU Law and was a Blue Book Trainee in the Cabinet of the Commissioner for Public Health and Consumer Protection, David Byrne. He is an Irish national, educated in both Ireland and France.Previously she worked for the European Data Protection Supervisor in Brussels as a legal and policy officer, advising on the legislative process of the GDPR, the EU-US Privacy Shield and the EU-US Umbrella Agreement. She holds a PhD in Law with a thesis on the rights of the data subject in EU data protection law and an LLM in Human Rights.

Alain Guggenbühl

Expert in the Science of Negotiation

Dr Alain Guggenbühl is an academic and a practitioner, specialised in the science of negotiation, EU decision-shaping and multilateral consensus-building mechanisms. He leads the services of Diplomacy, Negotiation and Arbitration of DNA Consulting Europe Ltd. based in Brussels. He teaches EU policies and negotiation theory academically and advises negotiators on collective strategies and individual techniques of negotiation; in Diplomatic academies and schools of public administration, EU institutions and agencies, national ministries, regional offices, and third countries.
Frank Lavadoux

Frank Lavadoux

EU Governance

Frank Lavadoux (FR) is Senior Lecturer at EIPA, specialising in the psychological, behavioural and intercultural dimensions, as well as communication, in processes of European and international negotiations. He is responsible for training activities designed for national, European and international officials. He also provides professional support and advice for various national ministries and European institutions.

He holds qualifications in marketing, international trade and financial engineering from the University of Paris XII and the Training Centre of the Banking Profession in Paris. He is also certified in the use of tools such as MBTI (Myers-Briggs Type Indicator) and the Lewis model. Before joining EIPA, he directed a consultancy bureau specialised in human resources, intercultural management and international negotiations. He has written papers on the strategic tools for international negotiators, and on the challenges posed for national administrations by the Presidency of the Council of the EU.

Arnaud Briffond

Public Relations Officer at France Strategie

Arnaud Briffond is a Public Relations Officer at France Strategie and has worked in public relations and communications in the public sector for nearly ten years. He has spent six years at France Stratégie, within France's Prime Minister's service, dedicated to public policy analysis. Arnaud focuses on stakeholder engagement and building a better relationship between the institution and its target audiences. He also developed and managed the institution's relationship marketing strategy.

Alain Guggenbühl

Expert in the Science of Negotiation

Dr Alain Guggenbühl is an academic and a practitioner, specialised in the science of negotiation, EU decision-shaping and multilateral consensus-building mechanisms. He leads the services of Diplomacy, Negotiation and Arbitration of DNA Consulting Europe Ltd. based in Brussels. He teaches EU policies and negotiation theory academically and advises negotiators on collective strategies and individual techniques of negotiation; in Diplomatic academies and schools of public administration, EU institutions and agencies, national ministries, regional offices, and third countries.
Frank Lavadoux

Frank Lavadoux

EU Governance

Frank Lavadoux (FR) is Senior Lecturer at EIPA, specialising in the psychological, behavioural and intercultural dimensions, as well as communication, in processes of European and international negotiations. He is responsible for training activities designed for national, European and international officials. He also provides professional support and advice for various national ministries and European institutions.

He holds qualifications in marketing, international trade and financial engineering from the University of Paris XII and the Training Centre of the Banking Profession in Paris. He is also certified in the use of tools such as MBTI (Myers-Briggs Type Indicator) and the Lewis model. Before joining EIPA, he directed a consultancy bureau specialised in human resources, intercultural management and international negotiations. He has written papers on the strategic tools for international negotiators, and on the challenges posed for national administrations by the Presidency of the Council of the EU.