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The European Union is becoming an ever more complex entity that is difficult to grasp even for practitioners. At the same time, the European integration project has lately been facing unprecedented challenges that affect the core of the EU’s policymaking capacity as well as the political commitment of its Member States. The culmination of recent events, starting from the 2015–16 migration crises, to the Covid-19 pandemic and now the war in Ukraine, creates dilemmas that go much further than traditional ‘deepening’ or ‘expanding’ the integration paradigm and push the European Union to embody its mission more convincingly.
The summer school’s primary objective is to address the major issues discussed in the frame of the ‘Conference on the Future of Europe’, such as making the EU more democratic, incorporating climate change and green economy, digital transformation, migration and security. To do so the discussion will start to first see whether the novelties introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon in various policy areas have proved themselves in practice. Then, with a view to the current crises-driven context, to see what further modifications should and could be sought to better equip the EU to respond to the current challenges.
More specifically, the summer school will tackle how the institutional structure of the EU could be enhanced to better adhere to the democratic principle. In that regard, the possibilities of designing new electoral laws for the elections of the European Parliament will be discussed in detail as well as the right of initiative as the cornerstone of the current ordinary legislative procedure. Then, the course will elaborate further on how the EU could effectively safeguard the rule of law in its Member States, especially in cases of backslidings. Later, the modules will also address, inter alia, how the EU could further ensure the protection of fundamental rights in the EU, how the EU is to preserve the Eurozone (and whether to expand it), how to make the European Union greener and how to fight effectively against the climate crisis. Moreover, the course will also make a distinct effort to explain what digital transformation entails, and what regulatory efforts are made at the EU level to tackle artificial intelligence (AI), big data and social media platforms. Finally, the course will map out how make the EU more secure and what role the EU should play on the world stage. On that basis, the summer school will make an attempt to see whether the EU’s united and swift response to the Russian invasion of Ukraine has a lasting impact on the Common Foreign and Security Policy and the Common Defence and Security Policy of Europe.
What you will learn in this course
The objective of the summer school is to provide national administrations, interest groups and practitioners working with issues related to the European Union with an enhanced understanding of how the current challenges shape EU policymaking and regulatory affairs related to the integration process.
In essence, the course explores the tenets of the European Union and helps participants to understand the underlying political, social and economic dilemmas, and evaluate European-level responses.
Course methodology and highlights
Sessions will be conducted by two experts providing a short presentation followed by facilitated panel discussions, allowing for the exchange of ideas and addressing issues of concern based on case studies, where participants will be especially encouraged to share their experiences.
The programme is divided into five modules:
Module 1: European democracy
- the thematic discussion of the Conference on the Future of Europe
- the democratic principle with a view to designing new rules for electing the Members of the European Parliament.
In this module you will be introduced to the intrinsic nature of the EU, the motivations behind treaty modifications, the structure of the debate and the methodology of the conference, and eventually have an in-depth discussion on the context of changing MEP electoral laws.
The module also focuses on how to make EU decision-making more democratic and what are the major items that the Conference on the Future of Europe could discuss to further enhance the transparency and representative nature of the EU legislative processes. In this context, attention will be paid to the right of initiative – being, so far, the almost exclusive prerogative of the European Commission.
The course will map out the repercussions of equipping the European Parliament with the same right of initiative, a specific demand made by the Parliament in preparation for the conference.
Module 2: Values and rights, rule of law
The second module will provide an in-depth discussion of what is at stake when the principle of the rule of law is under stress. It includes what enormous risks rule of law backsliding really entails, what are the tools currently available for the EU to monitor its Member States and how it can intervene where there is a serious risk or persistent breach of rule of law in the latter. The session will also map out possible ways of strengthening the EU‘s repository of tools in stepping up for the defence of the rule of law and for the fundamental values of the EU.
The module will also elaborate on the current state of fundamental rights protection in the EU and how to improve the protection system. In that regard, the impact of the EU Charter and its direct enforceability on the protection of fundamental rights will be assessed and the topic of the EU’s accession to the European Convention on Human Rights will be specifically tackled.
Module 3: Climate change and the environment, and health
Climate crises and making the EU greener is a top priority. The session will identify what are the key regulatory matters behind the Green Deal, the circular economy (waste management), plastic reduction and biodiversity. The session will also discuss the EU’s climate targets and establish the link between environmental protection, combating climate change and energy.
The lessons learnt from the Covid-19 pandemic will be juxtaposed with how to build stronger health systems and protect European’s physical and mental health, and to what extent European Union health policies can support and strengthen this.
Module 4: Digital transformation
In the context of digital transformation, issues concerning EU data policy and AI will be revisited. In this context, personal data protection, big data and data sharing will be specifically discussed. Corresponding EU policies will be identified with a view of what social-economic developments digital transformation and especially AI could entail.
Module 5: Migration and the EU in the world, and security
This module discusses the security issues which are currently present and shape home affairs cooperation among EU Member States. In this vein, EU’s New Pact on Migration will be specifically discussed as containing key areas in which future consensus needs to be found to preserve the current intensity of the internal security cooperation among EU Member States.
The last module also discusses the EU’s external actions. Discussions begin with EU’s strategic autonomy and the EU’s responsiveness to world events, and from this we will map out to what extent the Russian–Ukrainian war creates a moment for the EU for a strengthened Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), including qualified majority voting, expanding the remit of Military Mobility and increasing commitment to European Defence Union initiatives including funding for lethal equipment.
The programme is divided into five modules to offer you flexibility in adapting the course to your needs. If you prefer to attend only one of the modules, you can click on Module 1, Module 2, Module 3, Module 4 or Module 5.
By the end of the course, you will
- understand how the recent and current crises shape the European Union today and how these events have an impact on the institutional and legal identity of the EU of tomorrow;
- understand the major political, legal, economic and social drives behind key EU policies;
- understand what the Conference on the Future of Europe is and what are the fundamental issues at stake.
Who this course is for
This course is for experts from national administrations and EU institutions; practitioners from various EU-regulated policy fields; and lawyers, consultants, journalists and other professionals dealing with the European Union who want to enhance their understanding of how the recent developments in the EU will have an impact on their work.
European Centre for Judges and Lawyers – EIPA Luxembourg
8 rue Nicolas Adames
Ms Stéphanie Gemnig Comodi
Tel: +352 426 230 301
EIPA member fee
EIPA offers a discount to all civil servants working for one of EIPA’s supporting countries, and civil servants working for an EU institution, body or agency.
Who are the supporting countries?
Civil servants coming from the following EIPA supporting countries are entitled to get the reduced fee: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden.
For all other participants, the regular fee applies
Early bird discount
The early bird discount is not cumulative with other discounts or promo codes, except for the EIPA member fee.
Confirmation of registration will be forwarded to participants on receipt of the completed online registration form.
Prior payment is a condition for participation.
For administrative reasons you will be charged €150 for cancellations received within 15 days before the activity begins. There is no charge for qualified substitute participants. EIPA reserves the right to cancel the activity up to 2 weeks before the starting date. In that case, registration fees received will be fully reimbursed. EIPA accepts no responsibility for any costs incurred (travel, accommodation, etc.).
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|Module 1 – European democracy|
|09.00||Democracy as the founding principle of the European Union
The session will lay out the frame of discussion, the legal and political EU treaty reform, the methodology of the Conference on the Future of Europe and the way forward to a new EU. It is in this vein that the session will specifically discuss the principle of democracy as it features among the founding values of the European Union, and how that principle paved its way into concrete institutional and procedural solutions, such as the citizens initiative and the involvement of national parliaments. Specific emphasis will be on seeing how these instruments can be further mended to make the EU more democratic.
Short presentation by Juan Diego Ramírez-Cárdenas Díaz facilitated by N.N.
|10.00||Discussion between Juan Diego Ramírez-Cárdenas Díaz and the participants, moderated by Igor Dizdarevic|
|11.00||Democratic and institutional aspects of the EU: EP elections
This session will explain how EP elections are currently held and will shed light on the new discussion on redesigning the EP elections – a recurring theme in the debate on how to render EU institutions more democratic. In particular, the session will discuss the lead candidate system [Spietzenkandidaten] and the transnational lists for European elections.
Short presentation by Juan Diego Ramírez-Cárdenas Díaz.
|12.00||Discussion between Juan Diego Ramírez-Cárdenas Díaz and the participants, moderated by Igor Dizdarevic.|
|13.00||Democratic and institutional aspects of the EU: the right of initiative
This session will start the discussion with the quintessential feature of EU policy cycle making that is the right of initiative, which is an almost exclusive power of the European Commission. The session will explain how this right affects the entire EU policy cycle and how other actors/institutions, notably the European Parliament, is keen to enjoy the same prerogative.
Short presentation by Edward Best facilitated by Juan Diego Ramírez-Cárdenas Díaz.
|14.00||Discussion between Edward Best and the participants, moderated by Juan Diego Ramírez-Cárdenas Díaz.|
|15.00||Democratic and institutional aspects of the EU – the legislative procedures
This session will review the ordinary and special legislative procedures as amended by the Lisbon Treaty, and examine how the legislative bodies of the EU as well as the EU Member States’ national parliaments have made use of their respective powers. On that basis, the session will identify issues that could feed into the discussion on how to make the legislative procedures more democratic and transparent.
Short presentation by Edward Best facilitated by Juan Diego Ramírez-Cárdenas Díaz.
|16.00||Discussion between Edward Best and the participants, moderated by Juan Diego Ramírez-Cárdenas Díaz|
|16.30||End of day 1|
|Module 2 – Values and rights, rule of law|
|09.00||Fundamental values of the EU and the rule of law
The session explains what the respect of rule of law entails in an EU context, and explores what mechanisms are currently available for the EU to monitor and sanction Member States that fall short of this obligation. The session will assess the ongoing Article 7 TEU procedures and discuss how to improve this particular sanctioning mechanism.
Short presentation by Igor Dizdarevic facilitated by Petra Jeney
|10.00||Discussion between Igor Dizdarevic and the participants, moderated by Petra Jeney|
|11.00||How do we put the Conditionality Regulation to work?
The session specifically deals with the Conditionality Regulation on the basis of which payments made to an EU MS whose performance regarding the rule of law directly affect the financial interest of the EU can be suspended. After many U-turns the Regulation is now fully applicable and our discussion will focus on how the European Commission is to deploy the mechanism, and what impact can be realistically expected from this mechanism.
Short presentation by Petra Jeney facilitated by Igor Dizdarevic
|12.00||Discussion between Petra Jeney and the participants, moderated by Igor Dizdarevic|
|13.30||Independence of the judiciary
The session specifically deals with judicial independence, a cornerstone of the principle of rule of law and explains why this is of pivotal importance for the EU. Issues regarding judicial independence will also serve as a case study of a non-compliant Member State to demonstrate how rule of law issues lead to systemic deficiencies affecting the various regulatory areas of the EU. This will enable participants to assess the EU institutions’ responses and draw lessons on how the rule of law tools available for the EU can be reinforced in the future.
Short presentation by Petra Jeney facilitated by Igor Dizdarevic
|14.30||Discussion between Juan Diego Ramírez-Cárdenas Díaz and the participants, moderated by Petra Jeney|
|15.00||Break – experts available for discussion|
|15.30||EU fundamental rights protection in the EU – is there anything left to improve?
This session will explain the impact of the direct enforceability of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, the relevance of the EU’s accession to the European Convention of Human Rights and will discuss the latest directions of EU human rights policy. On that basis, we will specifically tackle how the protection of fundamental rights could be further strengthened at the EU level.
Short presentation by Juan Diego Ramírez-Cárdenas Díaz, facilitated by Petra Jeney
|16.30||Discussion between Petra Jeney and the participants, moderated by Juan Diego Ramírez-Cárdenas Díaz|
|17.00||End of day 2|
|Module 3 – Climate change, and the environment and health|
|09.00||Environmental challenges and the climate crisis – I
This session will map out the current and future environmental challenges in the context of the climate change urgency. Particular focus will be given to the priorities of the current Commission, such as the Green Deal, the circular economy (waste management), plastic reduction and biodiversity.
Short presentation by Igor Dizdarevic, facilitated by Martin Unfried
|10.00||Discussion between Martin Unfried and the participants, moderated by Igor Dizdarevic|
|10.30||Break – experts available for discussion|
|11.00||Environmental challenges and the climate crisis – II
The second session will cover the EU’s climate-related targets for 2030 and beyond, in particular in terms of emissions (the ETS system) and will also establish the link between environmental protection, combating climate change, and energy.
Short presentation by N.N, facilitated by Igor Dizdarevic
|12.00||Discussion between N.N and the participants, moderated by Igor Dizdarevic|
|12.30||Break – experts available for discussion|
This session will first take stock of what has been achieved by the Clean Energy for all Europeans package and how EU commitments can be maintained while pursuing a comprehensive plan to phase out the EU’s dependency on Russian oil and gas.
Short presentation by Igor Dizdarevic, facilitated by N.N
|Discussion between Igor Dizdarevic and the participants, moderated by N.N|
|14.30||Break – experts available for discussion|
The session will first see what capacities the EU has to deal with cross-border health security problems and infectious diseases, using the recent Covid-19 pandemic as an illustration. On that basis, the most recent solutions to finally eradicate the effects of the Covid-19 scourge will be presented and the key initiatives to build a strong European Health Union will be discussed.
Short presentation by Juan Diego Ramírez-Cárdenas Díaz facilitated by Igor Dizdarevic
|16.00||Discussion between Juan Diego Ramírez-Cárdenas Díaz and the participants, moderated by Igor Dizdarevic|
|16.30||End of day 3|
|Module 4 – Digital transformation|
|09.00||Digital transformation: EU Data Policy
Data is at the centre of the digital transformation. It is expected that the volume of data produced annually in the world will grow from the 33 zettabytes in 2018 to 175 zettabytes in 2025. Europe has the opportunity to unlock all this potential to work for the economy and society. The European Commission considers data as one of the pillars of its new mandate, shaping a digital future that puts people first. This presentation will give an overview of the horizontal regulatory and policy frameworks for data, from data protection to data reuse. Building on the initiatives of the past mandate, it will introduce participants to the EU’s policy considerations to create a single market for data where more data becomes available while keeping companies and individuals who generate it in control.
Florina Pop, Data Protection Expert, EIPA, Maastricht (NL), (tbc)
|10.00||Discussion between Florina Pop and the participants, moderated by Godefroy de Moncuit|
|11.00||Digital transformation: data governance and ownership
First the debate about data ownership/rights over data in the EU will be explained to map out in detail the Data Governance Regulation proposed by the European Commission. In close connection with this, the Internet of things, smart objects and the decentralised production of data will be addressed to further map out the potential implications of digitisation on market dynamics and the European economy.
Florina Pop, (tbc)
|12.00||Discussion between Florina Pop and the participants, moderated by Godefroy de Moncuit|
|13.30||Digital transformation: the interaction between data protection and competition law
Big data holders use data protection rules to justify their refusal to share data with third parties. This type of refusal raises competition issues. The GDPR strengthens the position of big data holders vis-à-vis rival firms and increases concentration in the data markets by reinforcing the barriers to data sharing. This session will aim at demonstrating how the reinforcement of data protection would also ensure the existence of a healthier competitive environment.
Thomas Tombal, post-doctoral researcher at Tilburg University, (tbc)
|14.30||Discussion between and the participants, moderated by Godefroy de Moncuit|
|15.30||The regulation of digital platforms: competition enforcement in digital markets
The recent Digital Markets Act (DMA) creates new EU rules to limit the market power of big online platforms acting as gatekeepers. Given the ability of big techs to abuse their technological and data superiority, the DMA blacklists certain practices used by large platforms. This session will therefore focus on the objectives, scope and implications of the DMA for companies considered to be gatekeepers.
Godefroy de Moncuit, Lecturer in EU Law at the European Institute of Public Administration
|16.30||Discussion between and the participants, moderated by (tbc)|
|17.00||End of day 4|
|Module 5 – Migration and the EU in the world, and security|
|09.00||New EU Pact on Migration and Asylum
In 2015, Europe was shaken by the unanticipated exodus of people in need of international protection. The session will explain the events that triggered this unprecedented crisis and what impact this had in reshaping the Common European Asylum System. In particular, the session will tackle the state of play of the current negotiations and identify the key stumbling blocks in search of European solidarity in asylum and migration issues.
Short presentation by Catherine Warin, facilitated by Petra Jeney
|10.00||Discussion between and the participants, moderated by N.N|
The area with no internal border controls is the most palpable benefit of European integration. The session will explore how the migration crisis of 2015 has also jeopardised the Schengen Area and caused Member States to temporarily reinstate internal border controls. The session will provide an overview of the reforms so far made, such as the reinforcement of FRONTEX (the European Border and Coast Guard Agency), as well as the future steps that are needed to ensure border security and the continued existence of the Schengen Area.
Short presentation by Petra Jeney facilitated by Catherine Warin
|12.00||Discussion between Catherine Warin and the participants, moderated by Petra Jeney|
|The role of the EU in the world – external relations|
|13.30||The EU’s response to the Ukraine invasion: a new era for the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy
Following the invasion of Ukraine by Russia, the EU has adopted an unprecedented set of sanctions targeting, inter alia, the Russian economy. On that basis the session will explore the nature and scope of the EU sanctions in response to Ukraine’s invasion, and more generally the future of the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy to see whether the EU will be able to use the tools at its disposal to address the new combination of geopolitics and geoeconomics to its own advantage and emerge from this crises in a much stronger and assertive form.
Short presentation by Wolfgang Koeth, facilitated by Petra Jeney
|14.30||Discussion between Wolfgang Koeth and the participants, moderated by N.N|
|The United Kingdom and the European Union after Brexit
The session will make an effort to map out the EU–UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement to see how it works in the various affected sectors of economy, such as investment, competition, state aid, tax transparency, air and road transport, energy and sustainability and fisheries. Special reference will be made to the Irish/UK border area question and ideas in resolving this after Brexit.
Short presentation by Wolfgang Koeth, facilitated by N.N
|16.30||Discussion between Wolfgang Koeth and the participants, moderated by N.N|
|17.00||End of the course|
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