The Crucial Role of Leaders in Successful Knowledge Sharing for Public Administrations



In the intricate web of organisational dynamics, knowledge sharing serves as the lifeblood that fuels growth and innovation. It transcends hierarchical boundaries, fostering both horizontal collaboration among peers and vertical exchange across different levels. Notably, in the public sector, effective knowledge sharing extends beyond the organisation’s confines, reaching out to our citizens, the final beneficiaries of public servants’ works, to enhance service delivery and elevate administrative performance. Furthermore, with the advent of Artificial Intelligence (AI), new opportunities and challenges arise in leveraging technology to facilitate knowledge sharing and collaboration.

At the heart of this knowledge-sharing ecosystem lie leaders, wielding considerable influence over the organisational climate. Their actions and decisions mold the environment either to encourage or stifle the flow of information. In this blog, we delve into the pivotal role of leaders in shaping a culture of open communication and transparency conducive to effective knowledge sharing within public administrations.

Understanding Knowledge Sharing and Its Significance

Knowledge sharing embodies the exchange of insights, experiences, and ideas among individuals or groups, both within and beyond organisational boundaries. It forms a cornerstone of knowledge management, facilitating the transfer of expertise and fostering a collective intelligence within the organisation (Brown, 2023). This process, while rooted in traditionalknowledge management principles, has evolved to encompass a broader spectrum of collaborative practices nurturing employee development (Bonne, 2023). And in the last years, AI has revolutionised knowledge sharing by providing tools and platforms that facilitate seamless information exchange and collaboration.

artificial intelligence visual blog

The benefits of promoting knowledge sharing in the workplace are manifold. It nurtures organisational alignment, boosts productivity, preserves institutional knowledge, enhances communication and collaboration, elevates job satisfaction, and drives competitive advantage through innovation. AI augments these benefits by enabling organisations to harness the power of data-driven insights, automate repetitive tasks, and facilitate real-time collaboration across geographical boundaries.

Knowledge Sharing in an Organisation and the Role of Leaders

Knowledge sharing within organisations is influenced by various factors, including:

  • interpersonal trust
  • organisational culture
  • support systems
  • incentives, and
  • the availability of AI-driven tools and platforms.

Leaders must create a conducive environment for knowledge sharing by fostering a culture of curiosity, learning, and collaboration. AI can complement these efforts by providing intelligent recommendations, personalised learning experiences, and automated knowledge management systems.

Leaders can leverage AI to establish regular knowledge-sharing practices, such as scheduled meetings and dedicated slots for individual or team discussions. AI-driven chatbots and virtual assistants can facilitate real-time communication and provide instant access to relevant information and expertise. Moreover, AI-powered analytics can identify critical knowledge gaps and trends, enabling leaders to focus on value creation and continuous improvement.

Following the European Commission’s Practitioner Toolkit on Knowledge Management and embedding the latest AI developments, we conclude that leaders perform three key roles in fostering knowledge sharing:

  1. The Leader as a Designer: Leaders shape the strategic and learning context within the organisation, creating conditions essential for achieving strategic success. They establish frameworks and structures that encourage collaboration and knowledge exchange. This includes leveraging AI to design intelligent systems and processes that facilitate knowledge sharing and collaboration.
  2. The Leader as a Teacher: Instead of merely providing answers, effective leaders pose the right questions. By challenging existing thought models, they empower employees and the organisation to continuously improve and innovate, Effective leaders use AI-driven learning platforms to challenge existing thought models and promote critical thinking among employees.
  3. The Leader as a Steward: Leaders recognise their responsibility to both employees and the organisation. They align knowledge development with organisational objectives, ensuring that knowledge sharing efforts contribute directly to the organisation’s success.

Recognising that people are the most valuable resource in an organisation, leaders should actively involve employees in knowledge sharing initiatives. Embracing diversity of thought and valuing each individual’s unique perspective leads to better decision-making, improved problem-solving, increased creativity, and enhanced innovation.

In this context, AI also plays a crucial role in enhancing the scalability and accessibility of knowledge sharing initiatives. Through AI-driven recommendation engines and content curation algorithms, organisations can personalise learning experiences and ensure that relevant knowledge is accessible to all employees, regardless of their role or location.


In conclusion, effective knowledge sharing is essential for public administrations to adapt to changing environments, drive innovation, and achieve excellence. Leaders play a critical role in shaping the organisational culture and in leveraging AI to facilitate knowledge sharing and collaboration. With the right leadership and AI-driven technologies in place, public administrations can unlock new opportunities for reform and success in the digital age.

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